Islam And Buddhism Religion Similarities Belief- Modern World

buddhism and islam religion, history of buddha, Buddhist holy book, prophit Muhammad In Buddhism Scripture, Gautam Buddha teachings, muslim Buddhist beliefs

Islam And Buddhism Religion Similarities Belief- Modern World- who is Gautama Buddha? Buddhism Detail Post with history. the Buddhist and Muslim who follow the scriptures of Buddhism properly.

Introduction To Buddhism  

Gautama Buddha was the founder of Buddhism. His original name was Siddhartha (meaning one who is accomplished).

He was also, called Sakyamuni, for example, the sage of the tribe of Sakya. He was born in the year 563 B.C. in the town of Lumbini near, Kapila Vastu, inside the present outskirts of Nepal.

According to, legend, an astrologer foretold his father, the king, that young Gautama would give up the throne, and, luxury and renounce the world the day he would see four things:
  • an old man
  • a sick man
  • a diseased man
  • and a dead man. 
Hence, the king confined Gautama in a special palace that was provided with all worldly pleasures.

He was married at sixteen years old to Yasoddhra. At 29 years old, after, the birth of his first, son, Gautama around the same time saw an elderly person, a debilitated man, a sick man, and, a dead man.

The impact of the dark side of life made him renounce the world that same night also, he left his wife and son, and, became a penniless wanderer.

Studied And Practiced Hindu Order

He studied, and, practiced Hindu order at first, and, later, Jainism. For, several years he observed through fasting alongside extraordinary self-embarrassment.

On understanding that tormenting his body did not convey him closer to genuine astuteness, he continued eating typically, and, deserted austerity.

At the age of 35, one night as he sat underneath a goliath fig tree (Bodh tree), he felt that he had discovered the answer for, his concern, and, felt that he had accomplished illumination.

Subsequently, he came to be known as, 'Gautama', 'The Buddha', or, 'The Enlightened One'. Later, he went through 45 years in lecturing reality that he believed he had found.

He made a trip from city to city uncovered footed, perceptive, with nothing more on his self than his saffron robe, strolling stick, and, asking bowl.

He passed on at 80 years old in the year 483 BC. Buddhism is divided into two sects Hinayana, and, Mahayana.

Buddhist Scripture

Historical criticism has demonstrated that the first, lessons of Buddha can never be known.

It seems that Gautama Buddha's teachings were remembered by his disciples. After, Buddha's demise, a council was held at Rajagaha, so that, the words of Buddha could be presented, and, settled upon.

There, were differences of supposition, and, clashing memories in the council. An opinion of Kashyapa, and, Ananda who were prominent disciples of Buddha were given preference.

A hundred years later, a second council at Vysali was held. Simply following 400 years, after, the death of Buddha were his lessons, and, principles recorded.

Little consideration was paid in regards to its legitimacy, validity, and, immaculateness.

Buddhist Scriptures can be separated into Pali and Sanskrit Literature:

Pali Literature

The Hinayana sect of Buddhism monopolized the Pali literature. TRI-PITAKA The most important of all Buddhist scriptures is the TRI-PITAKA that is in Pali text.

It is supposed to be the earliest recorded Buddhist literature that was written in the 1st Century B.C. The TRI-PITAKA or Three Baskets of law is made out of 3 books:

Vinaya Pitaka:- 'Rules of Conduct'. This is a book of discipline and mainly deals with rules of the request.

Sutta Pitaka:- 'Talks'. It is an accumulation of lessons, and, talks of Gautama Buddha and the occurrences throughout his life. It is the most essential Pitaka, and, comprises of five divisions known as Nikayas.

Dhammapada:- is the most acclaimed Pali literature, and, contains adages, and, short articulations covering reality.

Abhidhamma:- 'Investigation of Doctrine'. This third bin contains mystical doctrines, and, is known as Buddhist meta physicals.

It is a scientific, and, legitimate elaboration of the initial two pitakas. It contains examination, and, the composition of Buddhist doctrine.

Sanskrit Literature

the Mahayana favored Sanskrit literature. Sanskrit literature has not been diminished to an accumulation or in Cannon, like, the Pali literature.

Therefore, a significant part of the first, Sanskrit literature has been lost. Some were converted into different dialects, like, Chinese, and, are currently being re-converted into Sanskrit.

Mahavastu:- 'sublime story': is the most famous work in Sanskrit, which has been restored from its Chinese translation. It consists of a voluminous collection of legendary stories.

Lalitavistara:- Lalitavistara is one of the holiest of Sanskrit writing. It has a place with the first, century C.E., 500 years after, the death of Buddha. It contains the miracles that superstition loving people have attributed to Buddha.

Main Teachings Of Buddha

Noble Truths are the principal teachings of Gautama Buddha summarized as 'Four Noble Truths':
  • There, are suffering and wretchedness in life.
  • The cause of this suffering and wretchedness is desire.
  • Suffering and wretchedness can be expelled by removing desire.
  • Desire can be expelled by following the Eight-Fold Path.

The Noble Eight-Fold Path is the system to acquire the four noble truths.
  1. Right Views 
  2. Right Thoughts 
  3. The right Speech 
  4. Right Action 
  5. Right Livelihood 
  6. The right Effort 
  7. Right Mindfulness 
  8. Right Meditation

Nirvana literally means 'blowing out' or 'extinction'.

According to, Buddhism this is a definitive objective of life and can be described in various words.

It is a cessation of all distresses, which can be accomplished by evacuating want by following the Eight-Fold Path.

Philosophy Of Buddhism Is Self-Contradictory

As referenced before, the primary lessons of Buddhism are condensed in the Four Noble Truths:
  1. There, are suffering and wretchedness in life.
  2. The cause of this suffering and wretchedness is desire.
  3. Suffering and wretchedness can be expelled by removing desire.
  4. Desire can be expelled by following the Eight-Fold Path.

This Philosophy of Buddhism is self-contradictory or self-vanquishing in light of the fact that the third truth says 'suffering and misery can be removed by removing desire' and the fourth truth says that craving can be removed by following the Eight-Fold Path'.

Presently, for, any individual to follow Buddhism he should initially want to follow the Four Noble Truths and the Eight-Fold Path. The Third extraordinary Noble Truth says that desire ought to be removed.

When you evacuate desire, how might we follow the Fourth Noble truth, for example, follow the Eight-Fold Path?

So, desire must be removed by wanting to follow the Eight-Fold Path. In the event that you don't follow the Eight-Fold Path, desire can't be removed.

It is self-negating just as self-overcoming to state that desire may be removed by constantly having a desire.

Concept Of God In Buddhism

Buddha was quiet about, the presence or non-presence of God. It might be that, since, India was suffocated in icon love and humanoid attribution that a sudden advance to monotheism would have been extreme and consequently Buddha may have stayed quiet on the issue of God.

He didn't prevent the presence from securing God. A pupil once, asked Buddha whether God exists?

He declined to answer, Whenever, squeezed he said that on the off chance that you are suffering from a stomach-hurt would you focus on alleviating the torment or concentrate the remedy of the doctor.

"It isn't my business or yours to see if, there, is God our business is to expel the sufferings the world". Buddhism gave Dhamma or the 'indifferent law', instead, of God.

Be that as it may, this couldn't fulfill the hankering of people and the religion of self-help must be changed over, into a religion of guarantee and expectation.

The Hinayana faction couldn't hold out any guarantee of outer help to the general population.

The Mahayana faction instructed that Buddha's attentive and sympathetic eyes are on every single hopeless being, in this way making a God out of Buddha.

Numerous researchers think about, the advancement of God inside Buddhism as an impact of Hinduism.

Numerous Buddhists received the neighborhood god and in this way, the religion of 'No-God' was changed into the religion of 'Many-Gods' - of all shapes and sizes, solid and feeble and male and female.

The 'Man-God' shows up on earth in human shape and embodies every now, and then. Buddha was against the station framework common in the Hindu society.

Muhammad (S) In Buddhism Scripture

1. Buddha prophesized the appearance of a Maitreya

Almost all Buddhist holy book contains this prescience. 'There will emerge on the planet a Buddha named Maitreya (the kind one) a heavenly one, a preeminent one, an illuminated one, blessed with insight in direct, promising, knowing the universe:'

What he has acknowledged by his very own heavenly learning he will distribute to this universe. He will lecture his religion, sublime in its starting point, radiant at its peak, wonderful at the objective, in the soul and the letter.

Broadcast A Religious Life

He will broadcast a religious life, completely flawless and altogether unadulterated; even as I currently lecture my religion and alike life do declare.

He will keep up the general public of priests numbering a large number, even as now I keep up a general public of priests numbering a large number. [Chakkavatti Sinhnad Suttanta D.3 V: 76]

"It is said that I am not an only Buddha upon whom the activity and demand are dependent, After, me another Buddha Maitreya of such and, such temperance's will come. I am presently the pioneer of hundreds, he will be the pioneer of thousands:" [Sacred Books of the East vol: 35 pg: 225]

"Ananda said to the Blessed One, 'Who will train us, when, thou workmanship has gone?' And the Blessed One answered, 'I am not the primary Buddha who happened upon the earth nor will I be the last.

In due time another Buddha will emerge on the planet, a heavenly one, an especially illuminated one, enriched with insight in direct, favorable, knowing the universe, an exceptional pioneer of men, an ace of holy messengers and humans.

He will uncover to you the equivalent unceasing truths, which I have educated you. And, he will lecture his religion, brilliant in its inception, superb at the peak and magnificent at the objective.

He will announce a religious life, entirely impeccable and unadulterated, for example, I currently broadcast. His followers will number a huge number, while, mine number a huge number.' Ananda stated, 'By what method will we know him?'

The Blessed one answered, 'He will be known as Maitreya'." [Gospel of Buddha via Carus pg: 217 and 218] (From Ceylon sources)

Sanskrit word and the Arabic word

The Sanskrit word 'Maitreya' or it's proportionate in Pali 'Metteyya' signifies adoring, sympathetic, tolerant and kind. It likewise, implies generosity and neighborliness, sympathy, and so on.

One Arabic word which is proportional to every one of these words is 'Rahmat'. In Surah Al-Anbiya"

"We sent thee not, but, rather as a benevolence, for, all animals." [Al Quran: Surah Ambiya: 21:107]. Prophet Muhammad (s) was known as the benevolent, which is 'Maitri'.

The words Mercy and Merciful are referenced in the Holy Quran no under, multiple times.

Every Surah of the Glorious Quran, aside from Sura Tauba 9, starts with the wonderful equation, 'Bismillah Hir-Rahman Nir-Rahim', which signifies' for, the sake of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful'.

The word Muhammad is likewise, spelled as 'Mahamet' or 'Mahomet' and in different routes in various dialects.

The word 'Maho' or 'Maha' in Pali and Sanskrit implies Great and renowned and 'Metta' signifies leniency. In this manner, 'Mahomet' signifies 'Extraordinary Mercy'.

2. Buddha's doctrine was Esoteric and Exoteric

"I have preached the truth without making any distinction between exoteric and esoteric doctrine, for, in regard of truths, Ananda, the Tathagata has no such thing as the shut clench hand of an educator, who holds something back".[Sacred Books of the East: vol: 11 pg: 36] and, also, in [Mahaparinibbana Sutta ch: 2 V: 32]

Muhammad (s) on the commandment of Almighty God delivered the message and doctrine without making any distinction between esoteric and exoteric.

The Quran was presented in broad daylight in the times of the Prophet and is being done, such as, to date. The Prophet had entirely taboo the Muslims from concealing the principle.

3. Devoted Servitors Of The Buddhas

"At that point, the Blessed One tended to the brethren, and stated, 'Whosoever, brethren have been Arahat-Buddhas through the long times of the past, they were servitors similarly, as, devoted to those Blessed ones as Ananda has been to me.

Also, whosoever brethren will be the Arahat-Buddhas of things to come, there, will be servitors as devoted to those Blessed ones as Ananda has been to me." [Sacred Books of the East: vol: 11 pg: 97] and, also, in [Mahaparinibbana Sutta Ch:5 V: 36].

The Servitor of Buddha was Ananda. Muhammad (s) also, had a servitor by the name Anas (R.A) who was the son of Malik. Anas (R.A) was introduced to the Prophet by his parents.

Anas (R.A) is concerned: "My mother said to her, 'O Messenger of God here is your little servant'." Further, Anas relates, "I served him from the time I was 8 years old and the Prophet called me his child and his little beloved".

Anas(R.A) stayed by the Prophet in peace and in war, in safety as well as in danger, until, the end of his life."

Anas (R.A) even though, he was only 11, stayed with the Prophet during the battle of Uhud, where the life of the Prophet was in great danger.

Even amid the battle of Hunain, when, the Prophet was surrounded by the enemies who were archers, Anas (R.A) who was only 16 years old stood by the Prophet. Anas (R.A) can be compared with Ananda who stood by Gautam Buddha, when, the mad elephant approached him.

4. Six Criteria for Identifying Buddha

"The Blessed One stated, 'There, are two events on which a Tathagata's appearance turns out to be clear and exceedingly bright.

In the night Ananda, in which a Tathagata attains to the supreme and perfect insight, and in the night in which he passes finally, away in the ultra-passing which leaves nothing whatever of his earthly existence to remain". [Gospel of Buddha by Carus pg: 214].

As indicated by Gautam Buddha, the following, are, the six criteria, for, identifying a Buddha.
  1. A Buddha attains supreme and perfect understanding around evening time. 
  2. On the occasion of his full knowledge, he looks very bright.
  3. A Buddha dies a natural death. 
  4. He dies at night-time. 
  5. He looks exceedingly bright before, his death. 
  6. After his death, a Buddha's existence on the earth ended.

  • Muhammad [s] attained supreme insight and Prophethood at night-time. "By the books that make thing clear, we sent it down during a blessed night." [Al Quran: Sura Dukhan : 44:2], 3."We have indeed revealed this message in the night of power." [Al Quran: Sura Al-Qadr : 97:1]
  • Muhammad (s) instantly felt his understanding illumined with celestial light.
  • Muhammad (s) died a natural death.
  • According to, Ayesha (r), Muhammad (s) expired at nighttime, When, he was dying, there, was no oil in the lamp and his wife Ayesha (r) had to borrow oil, for, the lamp.
  • According to, Anas (r), Muhammad (s) looked exceedingly bright in the night of his death.
  • After, the burial of Prophet Muhammad (s), he was never seen, again, in his bodily form on this earth.

5. Buddhas Are Only Preachers

"The Jathagatas (Buddhas) are just Preachers." Dhammapada: [Sacred Books of East : vol: 10 pg: 67]

So, do you give advice, because you want to follow anyone? You are not to manage (people's) affairs." [Al Qur'an: Sura Ghashiya : 88: 21 to 22]

6. Identification Of Maitreya By Buddha

The promised one will be:
  1. Compassionate for, the whole creation 
  2. A messenger of peace, a peacemaker 
  3. The most successful in the world.

The Maitreya as a preacher of ethics will be:
  1. Truthful 
  2. Self-respecting 
  3. Gentle and, noble 
  4. Not proud 
  5. As a king too, creatures